Natural attractions in Romania - The 7 natural wonders of Romania
If you're into nature, here are some places to know about when visiting Romania...
There are many natural attractions in Romania and hundreds of beautiful sights that deserve to be visited and promoted worldwide, but in this article we are talking about the biggest 7 beauties of our motherland, which we can proudly consider like the 7 wonders of Romania.
The first attraction, a great pride of Romanians, is the Danube Delta (Delta Dunării Resort). This is a reservation which finds its peace in Dobrogea, being the second largest and best preserved of the European deltas.
Great White Pelicans in Danube Delta, credits: Porojnicu Stelian/Bigstock.com
It has more than 3400 square kilometers and it is separated in 3 main water flows: Chilia, Sulina and St. Gheorghe. Chilia forms the border with Ukraine, and carries on its course, a length of 104 km², 60% of the water and alluvial of the Danube. Sulina is located in the middle. It has a length of 71 km and carries 18% of the Danube waters. St. Gheorghe course is oriented to the southeast, and runs 112 km, carrying 22% of the Danube's flow.
The Danube delta contains more than 360 species of birds and 45 freshwater fish species in its numerous lakes and was declared an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1991, classified as a Biosphere Reservation in Romania and, in the international taxonomy, as a national park. This is one of the most beautiful natural attractions in Romania.
The second natural attraction which is found on the list of the 7 natural wonders of Romania is the Sphinx of Bucegi. This is an anthropomorphic megalith located at 2216 meters altitude, having the shape of a human head, measuring 8 meters in height and 12 meters in width. The shape that gives its beauty was formed by the wind erosion in many years.
Romanian Sphinx in Bucegi Mountains, credits: rechitansorin/Bigstock.com
If you are planning to visit this natural attraction of Romania, the best and the easiest way is traveling by cable car from Bușteni to Babele. This route can be crossed in 15 minutes, having a length of 4350 meters and reaching 1234 meters altitude. The cable car can host 25 persons.
This beautiful natural attraction is found even in some cinematic masterpieces, like: Dacii and Haiducii lui Șaptecai, Romanian movies from the 60’s and the70’s.
There are many legends about this place saying that it was used in the ancient times by gods to create an energy portal to other worlds. Other rumors say that here there is an abandoned uranium mine from World War II.
This is a really mystical place that can delight you with its beauty and admirable, incredible landscapes. If you visit Romania, it is worth keeping this kind of natural attractions in your mind, especially if you visit Bucharest or the southern part of the country.
Babele mountain peak is the next natural wonder of Romania that we should talk about. Here there are some rock formations, located near the top of Baba Mare (2292 meters), in the Southern Carpathians, the Bucegi Group. Babele Chalet can also be found here, located below the top of the peak with the same name and being the starting point for hiking in the central mountains of Bucegi.
1971 Romanian Stamp of Babele (Old Ladies), credits: zatletic/Bigstock.com
They are close enough so that, if you visit them, you can also visit the Sphinx. If you wish to hike, you should know that you can also reach them by foot, walking on the trail marked with blue near the valleys of Urlătoarea (Urlătoarea Mare and Urlătoarea Mică). Then you will come near the Ciocârlia peak and you will get on the road marked with a yellow tape following the telephone line to the lodge Babele.
You can visit this natural, beautiful site starting from spring until autumn and the walk will take about 5 hours, but it will be worth it because the view is absolutely ravishing.
Scărișoara Cave is another natural wonder of Romania. One of the most beautiful natural attractions in Romania, Scărișoara is a cave that hosts the largest underground glacier in Romania.
Scarisoara Cave, Apuseni Mountains, credits: hibrida13/Bigstock.com
The glacier cave Scărișoara is part of the cave system Ghețari – Ocoale - Dobreşti, Apuseni Mountains. It consists of upper Jurassic age limestone, arranged monoclinal NW-SE, at an altitude of 1,165 meters on the edge of the karst cliff Ghețari – Ocoale. The water of Ocoale Valley once flowed on the surface.
In the middle of the cave there is a huge block of ice with a volume of 80,000 m3, that lasted over 4000 years in this cave. Beyond this stunning view, you can find a great diversity of stalactites, stalagmites, ice columns, parietal curtains and ice corals.
Ceahlău Mountain is another natural wonder of this beautiful country, Romania. It is a mountain that belongs to the Eastern Carpathians, located in the county of Neamț. The highest peaks are Ocolașul Mare (1907 meters) and Toaca (1904 meters).
Ceahlau Mountain, credits: johny007pan/Bigstock.com
At its base, at approximately 800 meters altitude, it lays down Durău tourist resort, which is one of the most visited resorts in this part of Romania.
This mountain is famous because in the highland zones the number of freezing days reaches 200 days per year, this phenomenon occurring even in summer.
The National Park of Nera – Beușnița is another true wonder of nature in Romania. It is a protected area of national interest, corresponding to IUCN category II (national park), located in the southwestern part of the country, in the Anina Mountains, Caraș-Severin county.
Bigar Waterfall, Nera-Beusnita National Park, credits: ibogdan/Bigstock.com
It has a surface area of 36.758 ha, containing the karst area in the middle of the river Nera and the creek upstream Beu, including the Devil's Lake, the famous waterfalls of Beușnița and Șușara, and Ochiul Beului Lake.
Here you can visit numerous sinkholes, ditches, caves (Cave Lenuţa, under Padina Popii Cave, Jewel Cave), potholes, debris, gorges, waterfalls, slopes, meadows and forests, including the natural reservations of Nera – Beușnița, Bigar Waterfall and Spring, Ducin and Ciclova Valley – Ilidia.
The last natural wonder of Romania that we have chosen to speak about are the Piatra Craiului Mountains. This is a limestone mountain located in the southwest part of the Eastern Carpathians, but belonging to the Meridional Carpathians, being chained to the northeast of this mountains group.
Piatra Craiului Mountains, credits: Project-Photo/Bigstock.com
Piatra Craiului Mountains are a sharp and steep blade of sedimentary rocks (karst rocks of Jurassic age), measuring about 26 kilometers, oriented from southwest to northeast.
There are some famous vertical rock walls over here (400 – 650 meters high), between Padina Lăncii and Ivan Valley. The maximum altitude is reached at the top of the ridge peak called La Om peak, known as well as Baciului Peak, with 2,238 meters.
Those are some beautiful and very nice places to visit if you like to have a nice vacation among the 7 natural wonders of Romania, but you will have to know that you can visit some other natural attractions in Romania, like: The Mudyy Volcanoes (Vulcanii Noroioși), The Danube Gorges (Cazanele Dunării) and The Living Fires (Focurile Vii). These places will leave you with some great memories and a breathing desire to come again and visit them.