The Carpathian Mountains of Romania: a short travel guide

Want to know about Romania's mountains? Here is a short begginer's guide to the Carpathian Mountains

Ready for adventures in the wild Carpathian Mountains of Romania? Willing to discover the heavenly landscapes and immerse yourself in the vibrant culture of this enchanting country? Take a look at our travel tips about the amazing Carpathians in Romania.

The Romanian Carpathian Mountains are divided into 3 main groups: Eastern, Southern and Western Carpathians. Eastern Carpathians are divided into 3 sub-groups: the Carpathians of Maramures and Bucovina, the Moldavian-Transylvanian Carpathians and the Curvature Carpathians. The Southern ones are divided into 4 sub-groups: Bucegi Mountains, Fagaras Mountains, Parang Mountains and Retezat-Godeanu Mountains. The Western range is divided into 3 subunits: Apuseni Mountains, Poiana Rusca Mountains and Banat Mountains.


The highest peaks

3 of Romania's 12 peaks that exceed 2500 meters

There are 12 peaks that exceed 2,500 m in altitude. The major ones are Moldoveanu Peak (2,544 m) and Negoiu Peak (2,535 m), both part of the Fagaras Mountains. Then there’s Parangu Mare Peak (2,519 m), which belongs to Parang Mountains, Peleaga Peak (2,509 m) which is part of the Retezat sub-group and Omu Peak (2,505 m) which belongs to the Bucegi subunit.


Top places to visit



Transfagarasan Winding Road, credits:       


1. The Transfagarasan is known as the most beautiful road in Romania. Top Gear described it as the world’s “greatest driving road”. Crossing the Fagaras Mountains, this spectacular highway ranks on the second place in the top of the highest roads in Romania.



Sphinx rock formation, Bucegi Mountains, credits:


2. Located in the Bucegi National Park, at an altitude of 2,216 m, the Sphinx and Babele (“Old Women”) are natural wonders. Babele are mushroom shaped rock formations, whereas the Sphinx looks like a human face. Formed due to wind erosion, these impressive monuments are the matter of all kinds of legends and theories.


Sarmizegetusa Regia UNESCO Heritage site, credits:


3. Sarmizegetusa Regia is the former capital of the Dacian Empire and one of the oldest historical sites in Romania. Surrounded by the Sureanu Mountains, the fortification is close to the holy mountain of the Dacians, the Godeanu Massif.


Bigar Waterfall, Anina Mountains, credits:


4. The Bigar Waterfall in the Anina Mountains, is a must see destination that you shouldn’t miss. Its uniqueness consists in the mix of curtain-like streams of water and the big mossy rock from which the water flows. The waterfall is famous and ranked number one in Romania.  It’s worth visiting other remarkable places in the same region, like Susara Waterfall, Devil’s Lake (the biggest karst lake in Romania), Sasca Montana and Beusnita Waterfall.


5. Linking Oltenia with Transylvania, Transalpina is the highest road in Romania and one of the most spectacular ones, with 139 km in length. Also called King’s Road or Devil’s Path, Transalpina means “the country behind the mountains” in Latin.


Rasnov Fortress, credits:


6. Built in the 13th century, Rasnov Fortress is a medieval monument on the top of the hill in Rasnov, not far from Brasov. The citadel that was used as a defense against the Tatars, is now very well preserved and visited by tourists from all over the world.


City of Brasov, credits: Balate Photography


7. In the heart of Transylvania, surrounded by the Southern Carpathians, Brasov is an amazing city that has a lot to offer. Among the most important points of interest, we can note: the medieval fortress, the Black Church, the Rope Street (the narrowest street in Europe), the first Romanian School and Tampa Mountain.  No wonder it’s full of tourists!

Not far from Brasov, we can find the renowned Bran Castle or Dracula’s Castle, a magic place haunted by myths and stories. Come visit this legendary monument and unveil the true story behind the fortress walls.

Another stunning destination is Peles Castle, located in Sinaia (45 km South from Brasov), a charming town surrounded by the Bucegi Mountains. A royal residence and emblem of the Neo-Renaissance art, this castle will definitely make you fall in love with Romania.


8. The Corvin Castle is one of the most prominent gothic monuments in Romania. Built in the 15th century, it is among the most beautiful castles in the world, a place full of mysteries.


Balea Lake and Chalet, credits:


9. Balea Lake is a glacier lake surrounded by the Fagaras Mountains. Nearby the lake, for those looking for extreme sensations, there is an ice hotel and an ice church.


10. St. Anna Lake is a volcanic lake in the Ciomatu Mare volcanic crater. Its water is very pure. Don’t forget to ask the locals if it’s safe to walk on the iced lake in winter. For therapeutic reasons, people also visit the smelling caves which emanate sulphur and can be found not far from the lake.


Less known facts about Romania’s Carpathians


There are 6 Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains that are part of the UNESCO World Heritage.  

The Romanian Carpathians are home to the largest virgin forests in Europe.


Scarisoara Cave, Apuseni Mountains, credits:

The Scarisoara Cave, located in the Apuseni Mountains, is home to the 2nd biggest underground glacier in Europe.


Statue of Decebal, Dacian King, Danube Cauldrons, credits:

The rock sculpture of Decebalus is the tallest sculpted rock in Europe, which represents the last Dacian king. It is situated in the Danube’s Cauldrons, in a place where the Carpathians meet the Danube.

Red Ravine (Râpa Roșie) is a natural wonder, a reservation that looks like a canyon, with all kinds of red towers and pyramids. It’s a geological monument in Alba County.


Ideas for hiking and trekking trips


Go hiking in Bucegi. Visit the Sphinx and Babele. It’s quite difficult to hike the Bucegi Mountains, so you should bear in mind that you need to prepare your journey beforehand, plan accommodation, check the weather and figure out the paths. You can start from Sinaia, go through Poiana Stanii, hike on Pelesului Valley, then reach the Piatra Arsei Hut. Follow the Ialomita’s Valley until you reach Obarsiei Fall, then climb towards Omu Peak.


Trail above Balea Lake, Fagaras Mountains

How about trekking in the Fagaras Massif? A French geographer, Emmanuel de Martonne, described the Fagaras Massif as the Alps of Transylvania. You can see here the highest peaks in Romania, Moldoveanu Peak and Negoiu Peak, but also other 6 peaks of over 2500 m.


Alpine Glacier Lake, Retezat National Park, credits:

Visit the Retezat National Park. Check out the oldest national park in Romania, in Southern Carpathians. It’s home to a lot of birds, animals and plants, some of them being rare species. Explore the tall, rocky peaks, like Papusa Peak (2,508 m), discover the deep lakes and immerse yourself in the wild nature of this amazing National Park.


Ochiul Beiului/Turk's Eye Lake, Anina Mountains

Don’t miss Cheile Nerei-Beusnita National Park, situated in the Aninei Mountains! This is a magic destination which offers plenty of natural beauties like blue lakes, waterfalls, gorges, caves and ravines. One of them is Ochiul Beiului, an amazing blue-green lake which never freezes and makes you feel like you’re in another world.


Bear's Cave, Apuseni Mountains, credits:

There are around 12,000 caves in Romania, so why not explore some of them? You can begin with taking a tour of the Bear’s Cave in the Apuseni Mountains, which hosts numerous bear fossils and speleothems of different shapes.


Tips for safe travel

Young brown bear trying to enter car, Sinaia, Romania, credits:

  • Read information about the place in advance.

  • Don’t forget to check the weather forecast.

  • Pay attention to the road conditions and to issues such as closed roads, bumpy or unpaved roads and potholes.

  • If you choose a difficult trip, make sure that you are able to do it and take into consideration the time you would need if you go on a certain path.

  • You’d better take with you proper hiking shoes and clothes.

  • Drink water only from reliable sources, not from lakes or rivers. There are plenty of natural springs that are marked as fresh and safe to use.

  • Always take a map with you because Internet might not work properly in some areas.

  • Beware of bears; there are some places where you can encounter a few of them.

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The Carpathian Mountains of Romania: a short travel guide

The Carpathian Mountains of Romania: a short travel guide